Tag Archives: value

Philosophy {7} ~ Existentialism

Existentialism is a school of 20th-century philosophers who shared the belief that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject – not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living, human individual. In existentialism, the individual’s starting point is characterized by what has been called “the existential attitude,” or a sense of disorientation and confusion in the face of an apparently meaningless or absurd world. A central proposition of existentialism is that existence precedes essence, which means that the actual life of the individual is what constitutes what could be called his or her “essence” instead of there being a predetermined essence that defines what it is to be a human. Thus, the human beings – through their own consciousness – create their own values and determine a meaning to their life.