Shaktipat is a Sanskrit term referring to the process of transmitting spiritual energy from one person to another.
This energy can be transmitted in a number of ways: by touch, through a mantra, with a look, through a sacred word or by thought. It is also said that it can be transmitted over distance through an object.
Practicing yoga extensively with a mentor can result in shaktipat.
The medulla oblongata is the lower part of the brain stem that connects the brain and spinal chord. It controls involuntary functions of the body like breathing, sneezing, heart rate, blood pressure and swallowing.
Within yoga philosophy, the ego is considered to be centered at the medulla oblongata. It also is considered the primary entry of prana into the body.
Breatharianism is the belief that survival without the consumption of food is possible and that prana alone can sustain one’s life. Also called inedia, a Latin word which means “fasting,” breatharianism is to live on sunlight, the source of prana, which is considered the life force by Hindu philosophy.
Chi, also spelled qi, is life force energy or vital life of a living being in traditional Chinese philosophy, religion and medicine. The concept is similar to prana in Hinduism and yoga philosophy. Chi means “breath” or “air” and is often translated as “energy flow,” “life force” or “matter energy.”
Just as prana moves through the body via channels called nadis and passes through the chakras, chi is believed to move through meridians and three energy gateways called dan tiens – one each in the pelvic region, the heart center and the third-eye center.