Tag Archives: Patanjali

~Udaram~

Udaram is a Sanskrit term derived from the root word, udara, meaning “active.” It is one of the four stages of the kleshas, or mental states that are obstacles to enlightenment and cause suffering.

Udaram is the natural, active stage in which the klesha is in the forefront. For example, when the klesha of attachment (raaga) is in the udaram stage, the yogi will feel desire for things, status or other attachments that leads to anxiety and worry. Others kleshas mentioned in Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras are delusion (avidya), egoism (asmita), repulsion (dvesha) and will to live (abhinivesha).

~Parigraha~

Parigraha is the concept of possessiveness and greed. It also refers to the desire for and attachment to material things. The word comes from the Sanskrit, pari, meaning “on all sides,” and graha, meaning “to grab.” Therefore, the term may be translated as “taking more than one needs.”

In yoga, parigraha is the opposite of aparigrapha (non-possessiveness). Striving for aparigraha, or eliminating parigraha, is one of the yamas (restraints) that the sage, Patanjali, lists in his Yoga Sutras.