Tag Archives: learning

Symbols {47} ~ Star & Crescent

The star and crescent symbol originated in Sumeria. The moon was associated with the god Sin and the star with the goddess Ishtar. The star was set beside the crescent moon. The star represents Venus and the crescent represents the moon. The star crescent symbolized power.

The star crescent was also found in Greece where it was used to represent the moon goddesses, Luna and Diana. The crescent is pointed upward and the star is directly above the moon. It was a symbol of virginity and female chastity.

In the early Roman period, the star crescent was associated with the goddess Hecate.

The star crescent symbol was also used in early Christianity. It was found on coins and seals used by the crusaders.

The star crescent symbol became prevalent in the Ottoman Empire after 1757. The national flag bore a crescent with a star beside it. This symbol was used in mosques and minarets which led to the association with Islam. However, not all Muslims associate the star and crescent with Islam.

Today the star and crescent can be found on flags in Turkey, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, Malaysia, Mauritania, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Northern Cyprus, and Um al-Quwain. It also appears on numerous coats of arms.

Body Langauge {10} ~ Differences

Cultural Differences
Someone’s cultural background can have a big influence on how they use and read body language. In many Western cultures, eye contact while speaking suggests openness and interest. People of other cultures, including many Eastern cultures, may avoid prolonged eye contact, as looking slightly down or to the side may seem more respectful. Nodding indicates agreement in many cultures. In others, it might just mean the other person acknowledges your words.

Developmental Differences
Neurodiverse people may also use and interpret body language differently than neurotypical people do. For example, you might fidget when you’re bored, but neurodiverse people might fidget in order to increase focus, calm nervousness, or self-soothe in other ways. Autistic people may also have trouble reading body language.

Psychological Differences
Certain mental health conditions can also impact someone’s body language. Someone with social anxiety might find it extremely hard to meet and hold someone’s gaze, for example. People who prefer to avoid touching others may not shake hands or embrace when greeting someone. Being aware of boundaries some people may have around casual touch can help you avoid assuming someone dislikes you.

Ologies {5} ~ M-O’s

Malacology: The study of molluscs
Mammalogy: The study of mammals
Meteorology: The study of weather
Methodology: The study of methods
Metrology: The study of measurement
Microbiology: The study of micro-organisms
Micrology: The science of preparing and handling microscopic objects
Mineralogy: The study of minerals
Mycology: The study of fungi
Myology: The study of muscles
Myrmecology: The study of ants
Nanotechnology: The study of machines at the molecular level
Nanotribology: The study of friction on the molecular and atomic scale
Nematology: The study of nematodes (roundworms)
Neonatology: The study of newborn infants
Nephology: The study of clouds
Nephrology: The study of the kidneys
Neurology: The study of nerves
Neuropathology: The study of neural diseases
Neurophysiology: The study of the functions of the nervous system
Nosology: The study of disease classification
Oceanology: The study of oceans
Odonatology: The study of dragonflies and damselflies
Odontology: The study of the teeth
Oncology: The study of cancer
Oology: The study of eggs
Ophthalmology: The study of the eyes
Ornithology: The study of birds
Orology: The study of mountains and their mapping
Orthopterology: The study of grasshoppers and crickets
Osteology: The study of bones
Otolaryngology: The study of the ear and throat
Otology: The study of the ear
Otorhinolaryngology: The study of the ear, nose, and throat

Ologies {4} ~ H-L’s

Hematology: The study of blood
Heliology: The study of the sun
Helioseismology: The study of vibrations and oscillations in the sun
Helminthology: The study of parasitic worms
Hepatology: The study of the liver
Herbology: The study of the therapeutic use of plants
Herpetology: The study of reptiles and amphibians
Heteroptology: The study of true bugs
Hippology: The study of horses
Histology: The study of living tissues
Histopathology: The study of the microscopic structure of diseased tissue
Hydrogeology: The study of underground water
Hydrology: The study of water
Ichnology: The study of fossil footprints, tracks, and burrows
Ichthyology: The study of fish
Immunology: The study of the immune system
Karyology: The study of karyotypes (a branch of cytology)
Kinesiology: The study of movement in relation to human anatomy
Kymatology: The study of waves or wave motions
Laryngology: The study of the larynx
Lepidopterology: The study of butterflies and moths
Limnology: The study of freshwater environments
Lithology: The study of rocks
Lymphology: The study of the lymph system and glands

Body Language {6} ~ Arms & Legs

The arms and legs can also be useful in conveying nonverbal information. Crossing the arms can indicate defensiveness. Crossing legs away from another person may indicate dislike or discomfort with that individual.

Other subtle signals such as expanding the arms widely may be an attempt to seem larger or more commanding while keeping the arms close to the body may be an effort to minimize oneself or withdraw from attention.

When you are evaluating body language, pay attention to some of the following signals that the arms and legs may convey ~

~Crossed arms might indicate that a person feels defensive, self-protective, or closed-off.
~Standing with hands placed on the hips can be an indication that a person is ready and in control, or it can also possibly be a sign of aggressiveness.
~Clasping the hands behind the back might indicate that a person is feeling bored, anxious, or even angry.
~Rapidly tapping fingers or fidgeting can be a sign that a person is bored, impatient, or frustrated.
~Crossed legs can indicate that a person is feeling closed off or in need of privacy