Tag Archives: culture

Body Langauge {10} ~ Differences

Cultural Differences
Someone’s cultural background can have a big influence on how they use and read body language. In many Western cultures, eye contact while speaking suggests openness and interest. People of other cultures, including many Eastern cultures, may avoid prolonged eye contact, as looking slightly down or to the side may seem more respectful. Nodding indicates agreement in many cultures. In others, it might just mean the other person acknowledges your words.

Developmental Differences
Neurodiverse people may also use and interpret body language differently than neurotypical people do. For example, you might fidget when you’re bored, but neurodiverse people might fidget in order to increase focus, calm nervousness, or self-soothe in other ways. Autistic people may also have trouble reading body language.

Psychological Differences
Certain mental health conditions can also impact someone’s body language. Someone with social anxiety might find it extremely hard to meet and hold someone’s gaze, for example. People who prefer to avoid touching others may not shake hands or embrace when greeting someone. Being aware of boundaries some people may have around casual touch can help you avoid assuming someone dislikes you.

Civilizations {11} ~ The Inca Empire

~Centered in Cusco, the Inca Empire extended from modern-day Chile to modern-day Colombia.

~Inca society was sophisticated, and boasted around seventy different crops across the empire’s various climates.

~The Inca considered finely woven textiles to be an essential commodity, and spun various grades of cloth from llama and vicuña wool.

Source: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-hccc-worldcivilization/chapter/the-inca-people/

Mythology {3} ~ Gods & Goddesses {1} ~ Japanese

Major Deities
Amaterasu
Amaterasu is the sun goddess of Japan, the central goddess of Shinto, and the center of Japanese spiritual life. As the mythical ancestor of the Japanese Imperial Family, she forms the basis of their right to rule.

Izanagi
Izanagi is one of the first gods of Shinto’s cosmology. Together with Izanami, his female counterpart, he created the islands of Japan and populated them with many kami. Though he suffered a great tragedy, he went on to rule the Heavens and later help his daughter Amaterasu ascend to the divine throne.

Susanoo
Susanoo is the Japanese god of the sea and storms. A chaotic, stubborn, and foolhardy soul, he is also brother of Amaterasu, the Rising Sun and Queen of the Heavens. His quarrels with his sister eventually put him in conflict with Orochi, the eight-headed dragon.

Tsukuyomi
Tsukuyomi is the Japanese moon god, a proud deity who represents the beauty and power of the moon. He committed an egregious crime in front of his wife Amaterasu, and was forbidden from ever seeing her again.

Inari
Inari is the kami of prosperity, rice, smithing, cunning, and craftsmanship. Portrayed variously as male, female, and androgynous, Inari is a complex and popular deity worshiped for more than a thousand years throughout Japan. Their prominence has led to the creation of a special type of shrine, focused primarily on smithing and rice cultivation as well as the preservation of foxes.

Raijin
Raijin is the Japanese god of storms, a spirit of destruction and chaos who throws lightning and powerful thunderbolts while riding atop dark clouds. He is always accompanied by his companion gods, Fujin and Raitaro.

Fujin
Fujin is a Japanese god of the wind, a demon born of the underworld who is a destructive force of nature, controlling all the winds of the world. He appears alongside his brother, the thunder demon Raijin.

Ame-no-Uzume
Ame-no-Uzume is the Shinto goddess of dawn, an inventor of dances and comedy, whose positive self-image and quick thinking helped bring the sun goddess Amaterasu back to the world.

Ebisu
The Japanese god of luck and prosperity, Ebisu is a manifestation of the abundance of the sea. He is always shown with a smile and a laugh. Though he was rejected at birth, Ebisu would go on to become a benevolent, kind kami and one of the Seven Lucky Gods.

Ninigi
Ninigi introduced rice and civilization to Japan, then founded the Japanese Imperial family. He is the grandson of Great Amaterasu, the goddess of the heavens and the sun.

Source: https://mythopedia.com/japanese-mythology/gods/

Civilizations {8} ~ The Mongol Empire

~The Mongol Empire existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest land empire in history.

~The empire unified the nomadic Mongol and Turkic tribes of historical Mongolia.

~The empire sent invasions in every direction, ultimately connecting the East with the West with the Pax Mongolica, or Mongol Peace, which allowed trade, technologies, commodities, and ideologies to be disseminated and exchanged across Eurasia.

~The Mongol raids and invasions were some of the deadliest and most terrifying conflicts in human history.

~Ultimately, the empire started to fragment; it dissolved in 1368, at which point the Han Chinese Ming Dynasty took control.

Source: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-hccc-worldcivilization/chapter/overview-of-the-mongol-empire/

Civilizations {5} ~ The Chavin

~The Chavín civilization developed in the northern Andean highlands of Peru between 900-250 BCE.

~There were three stages of development: Urabarriu (900-500 BCE), Chakinani (500-400 BCE), and Jarabarriu (400-250 BCE).

~Chavín had a small, powerful elite that was legitimized through a claim to divine authority.

~The chief example of Chavín architecture is the Chavín de Huántar temple, the design of which displays a complex and innovative adaptation to the highland environment of Peru.

~The Chavín people showed advanced knowledge of acoustics, metallurgy, soldering, and temperature control. One of their main economic resources was ch’arki, or llama jerky.

~Chavín art represents the first widespread, recognizable artistic style in the Andes, and can be divided into two phases: the first phase corresponds to the construction of the “Old Temple” at Chavín de Huántar (c. 900-500 BCE); the second phase corresponds to the construction of Chavín de Huántar’s “New Temple” (c. 500-200 BCE).
Significant pieces of art include the Lanzón, Tello Obelisk, and tenon heads.

Source: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-hccc-worldcivilization/chapter/the-chavin-civilization/

Civilizations {2} ~ The Sumerians

~The Sumerians were a people living in Mesopotamia from the 27th-20th century BCE.

~The major periods in Sumerian history were the Ubaid period (6500-4100 BCE), the Uruk period (4100-2900 BCE), the Early Dynastic period (2900-2334 BCE), the Akkadian Empire period (2334 – 2218 BCE), the Gutian period (2218-2047 BCE), Sumerian Renaissance/Third Dynasty of Ur (2047-1940 BCE), and then decline.

~Many Sumerian clay tablets have been found with writing. Initially, pictograms were used, followed by cuneiform and then ideograms.

~Sumerians believed in anthropomorphic polytheism, or of many gods in human form that were specific to each city-state.

~Sumerians invented or perfected many forms of technology, including the wheel, mathematics, and cuneiform script.

Source: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-hccc-worldcivilization/chapter/the-sumerians/

~The Status Quo~

The status quo is the current state of things. Status quo is Latin for “existing state.” When we talk about the status quo, however, we often mean it in a slightly low toned way. When people want to maintain the status quo, they are often resistant to progress. If you run for mayor of your town and come in to office with all sorts of new ideas, people may resent you for disrupting the status quo for example.

Mythology {2} ~ Creation Stories {2} ~ The Japanese

Long ago all the elements were mixed together with one germ of life. This germ began to mix things around and around until the heavier part sank and the lighter part rose. A muddy sea that covered the entire earth was created. From this ocean grew a green shoot. It grew and grew until it reached the clouds and there it was tranformed into a god. Soon this god grew lonely and it began to create other gods. The last two gods it made, Izanagi anf Izanami, were the most remarkable.

One day as they were walking along they looked down on the ocean and wondered what was beneath it. Izanagi thrust his staff into the waters and as he pulled it back up some clumps of mud fell back into the sea. They began to harden and grow until they became the islands of Japan.

The two descended to these islands and began to explore, each going in different directions. They created all kinds of plants. When they met again they decided to marry and have children to inhabit the land. The first child Izanami bore was a girl of radiant beauty. The gods decided she was too beautiful to live in Japan, so they put her up in the sky and she became the sun. Their second daughter, Tsuki-yami, became the moon and their third and unruly son, Sosano-wo, was sentenced to the sea, where he creates storms.

Later, their first child, Amaterasu, bore a son who became the emperor of Japan and all the emperors since then have claimed descent from him.

Poetry {10} ~ SHEEP LED TO SLAUGHTER

Blinded by psychological manipution

Passive doctor’s numb consultation

Chemical reverberation

The blind leading the blind

Pesticide ladden food drowning the mind

Air stuffed with toxins

Small talk running thin into basalt

Additions to sugar and salt

Cigarettes, conversations, media and malt

Endless scrolling

Government patrolling

Guarding the gates to our mind’s to ourself

Deprived of spiritual wealth

Food overdosing, loosing stealth

Geo-engineering warping atmosphere

Suicide statistics undercover

The truth is hidden for those to discover

The shepherd leading the sheep to slaughter

A world not protected for your daughter

Child trafficking running rife

Gangs members bored and brainwashed, clutching a knife

Drugs snorted, injected, consumed or anally induced

Truth has become an illusion

Sandwiched with half lies and half truths

We are fed poison for dinner

Masses waking up for breakfast media

The beacon of truth, now a tool to delude

It is black and white and a lot of grey

Shut up, what did you say?

~DiosRaw 01/04/21