~The Sumerians were a people living in Mesopotamia from the 27th-20th century BCE.
~The major periods in Sumerian history were the Ubaid period (6500-4100 BCE), the Uruk period (4100-2900 BCE), the Early Dynastic period (2900-2334 BCE), the Akkadian Empire period (2334 – 2218 BCE), the Gutian period (2218-2047 BCE), Sumerian Renaissance/Third Dynasty of Ur (2047-1940 BCE), and then decline.
~Many Sumerian clay tablets have been found with writing. Initially, pictograms were used, followed by cuneiform and then ideograms.
~Sumerians believed in anthropomorphic polytheism, or of many gods in human form that were specific to each city-state.
~Sumerians invented or perfected many forms of technology, including the wheel, mathematics, and cuneiform script.