Also commonly spelled ch’i, chi or ki, is a fundamental concept of everyday Chinese culture, most often defined as “air” or “breath” (for example, the colloquial Mandarin Chinese term for “weather” is tiān qi, or the “breath of heaven”) and, by extension, “life force” or “spiritual energy” that is part of everything that exists. References to qi or similar philosophical concepts as a type of metaphysical energy that sustains living beings are used in many belief systems, especially in Asia.
Jizo is a Bodhisattva in Japanese Mahayana Buddhism, originally known in Sanskrit as Ksitigarbha. He is worshipped primarily in East Asia, where statues of his likeness can be spotted on roadsides. He is often depicted as a shaven-headed monk with child-like features and a large cloak.
Revered for his self-sacrifice, Jizo is said to have delayed nirvana in order to help others. He is a guardian of travelers and firefighters. He keeps watch over the souls of children, especially those who pass away before their parents.